Neil Hall/Reuters THE UK has a new woman at the top. As New Scientist went to press, Theresa May was due to become prime minister after claiming victory in the Conservative leadership election. So what will a May premiership mean for science and technology issues in the country? The prime minister-in-waiting’s voting record reveals her likely stance on the important issues. It might not be great news for the environment. Despite the UK being way off course on its target of an 80 per cent cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, May has generally voted against measures to fight climate change, as well as against environmental regulation for UK fracking. She was also in favour of the UK’s recent failed attempt to combat the spread of bovine tuberculosis by culling badgers. On other key topics, May voted against a ban on smoking in public places, which has been shown to improve public health, and against plans to legalise assisted dying. Home secretary for six years, May is currently attempting to get the Investigatory Powers Bill through parliament. The bill is an update to the UK’s surveillance laws and has been criticised for introducing new powers, such as retaining internet users’ 12-month browsing histories. The bill also appears to ask online service providers to reveal encrypted messages for which they don’t have the key – a mathematical impossibility. With May as prime minister, it seems likely the bill will pass unhindered. This article appeared in print under the headline “What will May bring?